Judge Narrows Scope In Google Antitrust Case to Start Next Month

DOJ and State Coalition Case Can Begin Against Google for Monopolistic Behavior

In recent news, the Justice Department has taken a significant step in the world of digital advertising by filing a lawsuit against Google accusing the tech giant of monopolizing digital advertising technologies by reducing competition and other means. A Federal judge  Sherman Antitrust Act. This move has sparked a heated debate in the tech industry and legal circles, and its impact on the digital advertising landscape could be substantial.


a blurry photo google logo sued by doj
Credit: Shutterstock/Michelle Luo

Understanding the Google Antitrust Lawsuit

The Justice Department's lawsuit alleges that Google has engaged in anticompetitive practices, stifling competition in the digital advertising market in securing its dominant position. According to the complaint, Google has used its vast resources and market power to control the ad tech space, preventing other companies from entering the market and limiting options for advertisers and publishers.


case against google moves forward
Credit: DOJ

The case against Google is expected to be one of the most significant U.S. antitrust actions since the government sued Microsoft in the 1990s. Furthermore, this is the first monopolization case in approximately 50 years in which the Department has sought financial damages for a civil antitrust violation. The Department seeks equitable relief on behalf of the public and treble damages for losses sustained by federal government agencies that overpaid for web display advertising.

Judge Narrows the Scope of the Case Allowing it to Proceed

A federal judge, Amit Mehta, has limited the scope of the antitrust trial against Google, filed by a bipartisan group of Attorneys General (AGs) from 38 states and territories, led by Colorado and Nebraska, in 2020.

The judge dismissed claims of search result bias, which is a significant win for Google, but other claims will still proceed to trial as the judge said this case must proceed. That means, the states' case against Google for hindering Yelp and Tripadvisor visibility was dismissed. The remaining focus will be on the DOJ's complaint against Google primarily focused on allegations of using exclusionary contracts to control crucial ad channels for distributing search engines. In doing so, the agency alleged, Google maintained its monopoly power by denying rivals the chance to reach a similar scale and challenge its dominance.

David Olson, an associate professor and antitrust expert at Boston College’s law school:
“...Having said that, the strongest claims against Google remain, so Google still remains at risk of a significant antitrust ruling against it.”

What was Removed:

Mehta also narrowed the DOJ’s and the Bipartisan Coalition of States' cases to remove arguments over the Android mobile operating system and agreements Google made with it, Google Assistant and it's other Internet-of-Things (Iot) devices. This means that searches using Googles smart speakers or home devices are not harmful to competition.  He also removed arguments pertaining to how Google managed its Android Open Source Project.

Mehta denied Google’s motion for summary judgement on both enforcers’ claims that theyused exclusive dealing arrangements to violate anti-monopoly law, writing, “There remain genuine disputes of material fact that warrant a trial.” the judge insists the trial Antitrust Violations must proceed.

Google Dominance in Digital Advertising

Google's dominance in the digital advertising arena is well-known and widely acknowledged. The company's advertising platform, Google Ads, is the go-to choice for countless advertisers worldwide, and it generates a significant portion of Google's revenue. This dominance has raised concerns among competitors, advertisers, and regulatory bodies about the fairness and competitiveness of the digital advertising landscape.

The government contends that Google takes at least 30 cents of every advertising dollar that flows through its technology.

The Impact on Advertisers and Publishers

The allegations against Google have far-reaching implications for advertisers and publishers alike. With Google holding such a dominant position, advertisers may face limited options and less competitive pricing, reducing their ability to reach their target audience effectively. Publishers, on the other hand, might find it challenging to monetize their content optimally due to the lack of alternatives and the control exerted by Google in the ad tech market.

The Debate on Antitrust Laws

The Justice Department's lawsuit against Alphabet is not the first time the company has faced antitrust scrutiny. The tech giant has been subject to multiple antitrust investigations globally, raising questions about the effectiveness of existing antitrust laws in addressing the challenges posed by digital monopolies. This lawsuit could be a landmark case that shapes the future of antitrust enforcement in the digital age.

Google's Response

In response to the lawsuit, Google has vehemently denied the allegations of anticompetitive behavior. The company argues that it operates in a highly competitive market and that advertisers and publishers have many alternatives to choose from. Google contends that its success is a result of innovation, investment, and meeting the needs of its users and customers. Google has emphasized that its services are helpful and pro-competitive, looking forward to presenting its defense during the trial.

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